The Rules of Qurbani in Islam
Rules of Qurbani
*Guidelines with regards to The Eid Sacrifice/ Qurbani/ Udhiyya:*
With around 10 days left (21st July 2020) till the date of the sacrifice, it is important to have clear guidelines in place to ensure we carry out the Eid sacrifice in the correct manner, and attain the maximum reward.
Sacrifice takes place in accordance to Eid ul-Adha.
It is one of the greatest acts of worship and giving. Symbolically, the individual is sacrificing their wealth. Particularly in olden times, the livestock/ animals were considered to be the highest of an individual’s wealth.
In reality it is not about the blood or the meat of the animal.
Allah says: *The flesh and the blood of the animal do not reach Allah, but it’s the taqwa (i.e. being conscious of Allah) that reaches Him.* Thus it is about our state of gratitude to Allah that is important.
The Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wasallam said: *Whoever has the means and does not sacrifice, should not approach our place of prayer (i.e. The Eid Salah).*
*Key Rules and Guidelines:*
1) The sacrifice is *Wajib*(i.e. Necessary). Thus a sacrifice *must* take place. Giving the monetary value to charity etc, will *not* suffice.
2) Only those who are wealthy are required to perform the sacrifice. Wealth here refers to those who possess the amount (in gold/ silver/ cash/ non-essential assets) which makes them liable to pay the zakat (i.e. meets the nisab threshold amount, which is approximately £375 according to silver or approximately £4650 according to gold, as of today).
3) A man is only required to sacrifice for himself. He is not required to sacrifice on behalf of his wife. If she possesses the threshold amount in gold/ silver/ cash/ non-essential assets, then she must arrange for the sacrifice from her own wealth. However one can perform the sacrifice on her behalf if they choose, but it is not wajib upon them.
4) A man is not required to perform the sacrifice on behalf of his minor children.
5) There is no prohibition/ dislike in performing the natural sunnans (i.e. cutting the nails/ trimming the hair etc) in the days first 10 days of Dhul Hijja.
6) The sacrificial animals can only be a sheep; goat; 1/7 share of a cow; 1/7 share of a camel. These are the only animals which can be sacrificed and they must be free from any defects.
The lamb (i.e. baby sheep) being sacrificed *must* be at least 6 months old and large, such that it resembles a 1 year old sheep. The current flock of 4 months old lambs will *not* be sufficient.
7) The sacrifice must take place *after* the Eid prayer. The Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wasallam said: *Whoever sacrifices before the prayer, should sacrifice a sheep in place of it.* It is therefore a condition to sacrifice after the Eid prayer.
8) If the sacrifice takes place in a different location, where their Eid prayer does not coincide with your Eid prayer, then the sacrifice is to take place after the Eid prayer of the *place of sacrifice*. It is *not* based on the location of the one arranging the sacrifice.
9) The slaughter must take place after the Eid prayer on the 10th/11th/12th. However, if it does not take place in one of these days, then a slaughter is not valid and the qada (make up) will be the monetary value in its place.
10) A traveller is not required to perform the sacrifice.
11) Once the sacrifice has taken place it is best to keep 1/3 of the meat for yourself (so that one may take part in the blessings of the gratitude to Allah); give 1/3 to family and friends; and give 1/3 to the poor. There is no harm in giving some of the meat to non-Muslims, but it is better to give it to Muslims.
*Compiled by Shaykh Haroon Hanif*
*29th Dhul-Qa’dah 1441*